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How to Become a Software Engineer?

Are you someone who is interested in technology and has a passion for problem-solving? If so, then a career in software engineering may be a great fit for you. Software engineering is a dynamic and rapidly evolving field that is crucial to the functioning of modern society.

Software engineers are responsible for designing, building, testing, and maintaining software applications. They use principles from computer science, mathematics, and engineering to create efficient and reliable software that meets the needs of users.

If you come from a non-IT background, the idea of becoming a software engineer may seem daunting. However, with the right approach and mindset, it is possible to make the transition to this exciting field. In this blog, we will provide you with a roadmap for becoming a software engineer, even if you do not have a background in IT.

So, let’s dive into the world of software engineering and explore how you can make a career in this field.

Understanding Software Engineering

Software engineering is the discipline of designing, building, testing, and maintaining software systems. It involves the application of engineering principles to the software development process. The goal of software engineering is to create efficient, scalable, and reliable software that meets the needs of users.

There are many different types of software engineers, and each has their own unique role in the development process. Some examples include:

  1. Front-end developers: These software engineers are responsible for building the parts of an application that users interact with directly, such as web pages or mobile app interfaces.
  2. Back-end developers: These software engineers are responsible for building the parts of an application that operate behind the scenes, such as servers and databases.
  3. Full-stack developers: These software engineers have expertise in both front-end and back-end development and can work on all aspects of an application.

The software development lifecycle is the process of creating software, from conception to deployment. The lifecycle includes the following phases:

  1. Planning: In this phase, software engineers work with stakeholders to define the requirements for the software and create a project plan.
  2. Design: In this phase, software engineers create a detailed plan for how the software will be built, including the architecture, data models, and algorithms.
  3. Implementation: In this phase, software engineers write code and build the software.
  4. Testing: In this phase, software engineers test the software to identify and fix bugs and ensure that it meets the requirements.
  5. Deployment: In this phase, software engineers deploy the software to production environments and ensure that it is running smoothly.

Understanding the software development lifecycle is crucial for anyone who wants to become a software engineer. With this knowledge, you can gain a better understanding of the software development process and how your role as a software engineer fits into it.

Developing the Necessary Skills

To become a software engineer, you will need to develop a wide range of technical skills. Here are some of the key skills that you will need to master:

  1. Programming Languages: Software engineers use a variety of programming languages to write code, including Java, Python, C++, and JavaScript. Each language has its own strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to learn several different languages to become a well-rounded software engineer.
  2. Data Structures and Algorithms: Software engineers use data structures and algorithms to solve complex problems and optimize software performance. It’s important to have a strong understanding of these concepts to be an effective software engineer.
  3. Version Control: Software engineers use version control systems like Git to manage changes to software code. It’s important to learn how to use these tools effectively to collaborate with other engineers and maintain the integrity of code.
  4. Development Tools: Software engineers use a variety of tools to develop software, including Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) like Eclipse or Visual Studio Code, as well as build tools like Gradle or Maven.
  5. Mathematics and Logic: A strong foundation in mathematics and logic is crucial for software engineering. Concepts like algebra, discrete mathematics, and boolean logic are used regularly in software engineering.

There are many resources available for learning these skills, including online courses, textbooks, and coding bootcamps. Some popular online learning platforms include Udemy, Coursera, and Coding Invaders. Additionally, many universities offer online courses in computer science and related fields.

To develop your skills, it’s important to practice regularly by writing code and working on software projects. You can start by building small projects on your own or by contributing to open source software projects.

In addition to technical skills, it’s important to develop soft skills like communication, problem-solving, and teamwork. These skills are important for collaborating with other software engineers and working effectively on software development teams.

Do You Need a Degree in Computer Science?

Many people believe that to become a software engineer, you need to have a degree in computer science. While a degree in computer science can certainly be helpful, it is not always necessary.

In fact, many successful software engineers have started their careers without a formal computer science degree. There are many online resources available that can help you learn the necessary technical skills, and many companies are increasingly recognizing the value of skills-based hiring over formal education.

One option for learning the necessary skills is to pursue online courses and certifications. These courses can provide you with the necessary technical knowledge and demonstrate to potential employers that you have the skills needed to be an effective software engineer.

One online course provider that has gained popularity in recent years is Coding Invaders. Coding Invaders offers a range of courses in topics like full stack development, IT Profession from scratch to employment, and many more. These courses are designed to be accessible to people from non-IT backgrounds and provide hands-on experience building software projects.

What’s more, Coding Invaders also offers placement assistance to help their graduates find employment as software engineers. This can be particularly helpful for people who are looking to break into the field without a formal computer science degree.

So, while a degree in computer science can certainly be helpful, it is not always necessary to become a successful software engineer. With the right approach and the right resources, you can develop the necessary technical skills and build a successful career in software engineering.

Building Experience

As with any profession, building experience is critical to becoming a successful software engineer. Here are some tips for building experience:

  1. Work on Personal Projects: One of the best ways to build experience is to work on personal coding projects. This can help you develop your skills and create a portfolio of work that you can show to potential employers.
  2. Contribute to Open Source Projects: Contributing to open source projects can be a great way to gain experience and learn from other experienced software engineers. It can also help you build a network of contacts in the industry.
  3. Participate in Hackathons: Hackathons are events where teams of software engineers come together to build software projects in a short amount of time. Participating in hackathons can be a great way to build experience and network with other engineers.
  4. Freelance Work: Taking on freelance projects can help you gain experience and build a portfolio of work. Websites like Upwork or Freelancer can help you find freelance work in software engineering.
  5. Internships: Many companies offer internships for software engineering students or recent graduates. These can be a great way to gain practical experience and make connections in the industry.

By building experience in these ways, you can demonstrate your skills and build a portfolio of work that can help you stand out to potential employers. It’s important to keep learning and developing your skills throughout your career, as software engineering is a constantly evolving field.

Building experience is critical to becoming a successful software engineer. By working on personal projects, contributing to open source projects, participating in hackathons, taking on freelance work, and pursuing internships, you can gain valuable experience and build a strong foundation for your career in software engineering.

Landing a Job as a Software Engineer

Once you have developed your skills and gained experience, it’s time to start looking for job opportunities as a software engineer. Here are some tips for landing a job in the field:

  1. Develop a Strong Resume: Your resume is often the first impression you will make on potential employers. Make sure it is well-structured, clearly showcases your skills and experience, and highlights any relevant projects or certifications.
  2. Build Your Professional Network: Networking can be a great way to learn about job opportunities and connect with people in the industry. Attend meetups, conferences, and other events where you can meet other software engineers and potential employers.
  3. Leverage Online Platforms: Job search websites like Indeed, Glassdoor, and LinkedIn can be a great resource for finding job opportunities in the field. Make sure to tailor your resume and cover letter to each job you apply for.
  4. Prepare for Technical Interviews: Many software engineering job interviews will include technical questions or coding challenges. Make sure to prepare for these by practicing your coding skills and familiarizing yourself with common interview questions.
  5. Be Open to Different Opportunities: When starting out in your career, it may be beneficial to be open to different job opportunities, such as internships or junior-level positions. These can help you gain valuable experience and build your skills.
  6. Consider Contract or Freelance Work: Contract or freelance work can be a great way to gain experience and build your portfolio of work. It can also lead to full-time job opportunities in the future.

By following these tips and being persistent in your job search, you can land a job as a software engineer. Keep in mind that the job market in software engineering can be competitive, so it’s important to stay up-to-date on the latest technologies and industry trends to stay ahead of the curve.

Companies in India Hiring Software Engineers in 2023

If you’re looking to start your career as a software engineer in India, there are many companies hiring for this role. Here are some of the top companies hiring software engineers in India in 2023:

  1. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
  2. Infosys
  3. Wipro
  4. HCL Technologies
  5. Accenture
  6. Cognizant
  7. IBM India
  8. Tech Mahindra
  9. Capgemini
  10. Oracle India

These are just a few examples of the many companies in India that are hiring software engineers. It’s important to research different companies and job opportunities to find the best fit for your skills and career goals.

In addition to traditional IT companies, many startups and tech companies in India are also hiring software engineers. Some popular tech startups in India include Ola, Paytm, and Zomato. Working for a startup can be a great way to gain experience and work on innovative projects.

When searching for job opportunities, make sure to research the company and read reviews from current or former employees to get a sense of the company culture and work environment.

In conclusion, there are many opportunities for software engineers in India, with a wide range of companies hiring for this role. Do your research and be persistent in your job search to find the best opportunity for your skills and career goals.

Salary of Software Engineers in India

Software engineering is a lucrative field with high earning potential in India. Salaries can vary depending on factors such as experience, job location, and company size. Here are some average salaries for software engineers in India:

  1. Junior Software Engineer: INR 3-6 lakhs per annum
  2. Software Engineer: INR 6-12 lakhs per annum
  3. Senior Software Engineer: INR 10-20 lakhs per annum
  4. Technical Lead: INR 15-30 lakhs per annum
  5. Software Development Manager: INR 20-40 lakhs per annum

These are just averages, and salaries can vary depending on many factors, including experience, skillset, and job location. Salaries may also vary depending on the specific company or industry.

In addition to base salaries, many companies in India offer additional benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off. These benefits can add significant value to your overall compensation package.

It’s also worth noting that salaries in the software engineering field are constantly evolving and increasing with the rise of new technologies and demand for skilled professionals. By continually improving your skills and staying up-to-date on industry trends, you can increase your earning potential over time.

In conclusion, software engineering is a high-paying field in India, with many opportunities for growth and career advancement. Keep in mind that salaries can vary depending on many factors, so it’s important to research the market and negotiate your compensation package based on your skills and experience.


Becoming a software engineer can be a rewarding and fulfilling career path, even for those without an IT background. With the right mindset, dedication, and effort, anyone can learn the necessary skills to become a successful software engineer.

Software engineering is a high-paying field in India, with salaries increasing with experience and skillset. Continually improving your skills and staying up-to-date on industry trends can help you maximize your earning potential and advance your career.

So, if you’re interested in becoming a software engineer, don’t let your non-IT background hold you back. Follow these steps and stay dedicated to your goal, and you’ll be well on your way to a rewarding and successful career in software engineering.

Shweta JP, Mentor at Coding Invaders
Shweta JP, Mentor at Coding Invaders
Hello! I'm Shweta, a versatile and accomplished IT professional with over seven years of experience in the industry. My journey has taken me through the realms of UI Design, JAVA/J2EE development, and full-stack MEAN-MERN development, allowing me to master the art of crafting elegant and functional digital solutions. As a skilled UI Developer, I've meticulously designed and implemented captivating web templates, ensuring seamless user experiences. Tackling cross-browser compatibility issues is a challenge I've embraced, gaining hands-on experience in resolving these technical hurdles. My expertise extends to developing cutting-edge Single Page Applications, utilizing a powerful technology stack consisting of Angular, React, NodeJS, Express, Restful API, and MongoDB. I've actively participated in the entire SDLC, working on enterprise-level projects, web-based applications, service-oriented architectures, and client-server applications while adeptly deploying them on servers. My experience with version control tools, particularly Git, has enabled me to collaborate effectively and manage codebases with precision. As a highly motivated UI Designer and Developer, I pride myself on my strong analytical skills and unwavering commitment to excellence in the world of IT.

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